|ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS|
|Medak, J., Slade, D., Vukelić, M., Medvedović, J.||UDK 630* 188 + 182.1 (001)|
|Peduncled Oak Forests in the Areas of Premužno Jezero and Crno Jezero in Lika pdf HR EN||251|
|Šporčić, M., Sabo, A.||UDK 630* 304 + 964 (001)|
|Workers´ Injuries in Croatian Forestry in the Period of 1991-2000 pdf HR EN||261|
|Summary: This paper shows injuries at work as an indicator of the level of safety and health protection of forestry workers. The research objective was to establish and show the (non)existence of trends and changes occurred in the area of safety and protection at work in the Croatian forestry during the last decade (1991 to 2000). The basic indicators related to protection at work are shown at the level of the enterprise "Hrvatske šume". Detailed analyses of injuries have been made for the area of Delnice Forest Administration.On the basis of the analyzed documents, it has been established that since the foundation of "Hrvatske šume" (1991) about 6800 injuries at work have occurred or 600 injuries each year. Business year with no incidence of fatalities are an exemption rather than a rule. In fact three deaths occur annually on the average. A conspicuous loss of working capacity is illustrated by the data that approximately 700 employees are disabled workers. This figure should be increased by a considerable number of disabled war veterans and workers with limited working capacity.|
A series of interesting data have been obtained by a detailed analysis of injuries. Here are some of them:
Directly involved workers get injured in 82 % of cases. The number of injuries per a thousand of employees, in the analyzed period, ranged between min. 37 (in 2000) and max. 53 (in 1998). If only directly involved workers are considered the values are much higher. They reach up to 156 injuries per a thousand of productive workers (1997). On the average, each year 8,5 % of directly involved workers get injured or every 12th worker.
The accidents are most frequent on Mondays (24,1 %) and in early working hours (44 % of injuries occur until 10 o´clock). As much as 65 % of all injuries were caused because the basic rules of protection at work were not implemented. Machines for forest harvesting and wood processing are the most significant source of injuries with a share of 15,1 %.
Workers aged between 41 and 45 suffered the highest number of injuries (20 %) in the area of Delnice Forest Administration. This unusual situation can be partly explained by insufficient workers´ awareness of the sudden decrease of their vitality and work capacity regularly appearing with forest workers after their forties.
Legs are usually the first to be hurt. They are injured in 40,4 % of cases. Speaking of leg injuries, the most frequent are the injuries of the lower leg (36,4 %) and then the injuries of the knee (16 %). The most frequent injuries on the arms are those of fingers (29,7 %), on the head the eyes (38 %) and on the body the chest (55,4 %). Injuries are mostly made of different cuts and wounds caused by squashing (36,5 %). Sprains and strains are also significant as well as contusions and squashes with the share of 17,3 % and 15,6 %, respectively.
Negative indicators of safety and protection of workers established in their work lead us to believe that people, their progress, motivation and satisfaction are not recognized as the basic tool for achieving organizational success, vitality and development of the enterprise. It is beyond question that the knowledge, skill, creative and development potentials of our workers cannot be revealed unless the basic conditions of their health and life protection are met. In this respect, a comprehensive care of the safety and health of workers should not only be the entrepreneur interest of the enterprise "Hrvatske šume" but also of a wider social environment.
Key words: forest work; health and safety; injuries at work; protection at work
|Kremer, D.||UDK 630* 181.8 + 270|
|The Flowering of Some Woody Plants During the Winter in the Botanical Gardens of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics pdf HR EN||273|
|Zelić, J., Međugorac, K.||UDK 630* 232.1 + 524|
|A Contribution to the Management of Red Oak (Quercus borealis maxima Sarg.) pdf HR EN||287|
|Vukelić, M.||UDK 630* 451 + 462|
|Grazing on the Velebit pdf HR EN||299|