broj: 13/2011        pdf (20,1 MB)


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Znanstveno-stručno i staleško glasilo
Hrvatskoga šumarskoga društva
Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia
      Prvi puta izašao 1877. godine i neprekidno izlazi do današnjeg dana
   ISSN No.: 0373-1332              UDC 630*
upute autorima

select * from clancislEN where brojid=201113 and arb=1 order by id

Boris Vrbek
Medak, Jasnica UDK 630* 188 (001)
Forests of Sweet Chestnut with Odorous Pig-Salad (Aposeri foetidae-Castanetum SativaeAss. nova) in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5005
Ivanković,M., M. Popović, I. Katičić, G. von Wuehlisch, S. Bogdan UDK 630* 165 (001)
Quantitative Genetic Variation of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Provenances from the Southeastern Europe     pdf     HR     EN 5025
Littvay, Tibor UDK 630* 165 (001)
Phenotypic Stability andAdaptability of Families of Common Walnut (Juglans regia L.) in Progeny Tests     pdf     HR     EN 5038
Ivanković,M., M. Popović, S. Bogdan UDK 630* 232.3 (001)
Acorn Morphometric Traits and Seedling Heights Variation of Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) from the Seed Stands in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5046
Marjanović,H., M. Z. Ostrogović, G. Alberti, I. Balenović, E. Paladinić, K. Indir, A. Peressotti, D. Vuletić UDK 630* 120 + 114.2 (001)
Carbon Dynamics in younger Stands of Pedunculate Oak during two Vegetation Periods     pdf     HR     EN 5059
Dubravac,T., S. Dekanić,V. Roth UDK 630* 425 + 531 (001)
Damage Dynamics and Structure of the Pedunculate Oak Tree Crowns in Stands in Microelevations and Microdepressions – Results from the Monitoring on Permanent Experimental Plots     pdf     HR     EN 5074
Seletković,I., N. Potočić,V. Topić, L. Butorac, G. Jelić,A. Jazbec UDK 630* 232.3 Pinus nigra Arn. (001)
Influence of Various Container Types and Slow-release Fertilizer Doses on Growth and Physiological Parameters of Black Pine (Pinus nigra Arn.) Seedlings     pdf     HR     EN 5090
Krpan, A. P.B., Ž. Tomašić, P. Bašić Palković UDK 630* 537 + 562 (001)
Biopotential of Indigobusch (Amorpha fruticosa L.) – Second Year of Investigation     pdf     HR     EN 5103
Summary: Recent studies of biomass in Croatia were directed towards commercial forest species. Besides trees, building elements of our natural forests are also various shrubs and ground vegetation. It is assumed that, because of the increasing market demand, the biomass of trees but also some of the other components of forest biomass will be commercially interesting in the near future. One of them is Indigobush (Amorpha fruticosaL.), a North American shrub, which can be found, in the areas of our lowland forest ecosystems since year 1900, making natural regeneration of stands even more difficult or often preventing natural regeneration. Today, Indigobush expands to the habitat of lowland forests and in riparian forest of oak and broom (Genisto elatae-Quercetum roboris Ht. 1938), especially in sub associations with trembling sedge (Genisto elatae-Quercetum roboris caricetosum brizoides Ht. 1938) and remote sedge (Genisto elatae-Quercetum roboris caricetosum remotae Ht. 1938) (Matić2009). According to present research, Indigobush is the most common in the Posavina region.
This paper shows the results of the second year of study in Indigobush biopotential as a part of six-year-long experiment in a natural stand of Indigobush in the forest Management Unit Posavina, Department 126a, Forestry Sunja, FA Sisak.On the harvested area in the year 2008, four field experiments were established with six plots measuring 5 x 5 m each.Plots are marked form1 to 6.Numbering indicates the length of rotations for Indigobush as well as rhythm of measurements and harvesting on the plots. In the second year of the project survey sample plots 1 and 2 were included, which position in the experimental fields can be seen in Figure 1. Ways of filed survey, sampling and data processing are described in the chapter Materials and Methods. The results of the field measurements on the plots are shown in Figures 1 to 4, in which positions of Indigobush stumps and values related to Indigobush sprouts can be seen.The number of annual sprouts on plots nr.1 ranges from 276 to 455 and two-yearold sprouts on plots nr. 2 ranges from 265 to 432. Converted to hectares, number of sprouts is 106,000 to 182,000.Medium height of annual sprouts on plots nr.1 is from 2.13 m to 2.25 m, and heights of two-year-old sprouts on plots nr. 2 are form 2.28 m to 2.58 m. The mean diameter of sprouts on plots nr. 1 ranges from 7.0 mm to 7.6 mm, and on the plots nr. 2 it ranges form 9.1 mm to 10.5 mm.At the annual sprouts the largest diameter recorded was 14 mm and maximum height was 3.4 m, and at the biennial sprouts it was 20 mm for maximum diameter and 3.7 m for maximum height. In proportion to the number and size of the Iindigobush sprouts mass of wood substance on plots nr.1 ranges from 23.29 kg to 38.14 kg, on the plots nr.2 from 54.34 kg to 78.55 kg. Given the uniformity of height and diameter growth and increment, we find that the production of Indigobush biomass is in direct correlation with the number of sprouts per unit area.In the second year, height increment is reduced (compared to the first year), the mean diameter increases from 2 to 3 mm, stem branches, starts flowering and fruiting.Table 1 shows green mass on the surface, green mass per hectare, the proportion of moisture or dry weight in green mass and dry wood substance produced on the plot and per hectare for plots 1 and 2 in the field experiment. In two-year-old Indigobush stand, production of green and dry biomass is twice as high (24.52 to 11.96 t/ha or 16.39 to 7.87 t/ha) compared to the biomass of annual stand of other vegetation.In the first vegetation period, after felling old Indigobush, the annual production of green biomass was 15.20 t/ha (Krpanand Tomašić2009), and in the second period was 11.96 t/ha or 3.24 t/ha less, indicating a decrease of Indigobush’s biopotential at repeated annual cutting on the same surface.One third of the green mass goes to moisture and two thirds go to dry matter, which places Indigobush, cut out of vegetation period, commercially favorable for biomass energy.
In Table 2, data on seed collection from the plots number 2 of field experiments from 1 to 4 is shown. On the plots it was collected from 3.20 kg (field 3) to 4.94 kg (field 1) or an average of 3.97 kg, so the weight of seed per hectare at the time of collection ranged from 1.280 kg to 1.976 kg or an average of 1.589 kg.Seed moisture content ranged from 14.3 % to 15.7 % or an average of 15.2 %, a mass of dry seeds ranged from 1,082 kg/ha to 1,674 kg/ha, or an average of 1,348 kg/ha.First crop confirmed earlier findings of an abundant yield of Indigobush. Table 3 shows data of green and dry mass of Indigobush wood on plots nr. 2, for which the values of wet and dry seed mass have been added. With moisture content W = 34.2 % the energy value of Indigobush biomass is 12.727 MJ/kg, and at W0 = 20.259 MJ/kg (Marosvölgyiet al. 2009).Very close mean values of moisture content obtained in our study (Table 1) and data of produced biomass (Tables 1 and 3) show us ability to assess the energy value of Indigobush biomass.ld be noted that the Indigobush biomass in our lowland forests forms naturally without any agricultural practice and associated costs. Including Indigobush biomass into alternative energy flows brings multiple benefits and development opportunities. We think that this would significantly increase the amount of available forest biomass in Croatia, would have widened the range of forestry products, would reduce the cost of regeneration of lowland forests, and residents of rural and urban gives up the possibility of earning an income related to the cultivation and harvesting of Indigobush biomassas well as introduction of biomass power plants.
Key words: Indigobush; bioproduction; energy value; lowland forest ecosystems; Croatia
Pernek,M., N. Lacković UDK 630* 453 (001)
The Role of Bark Beetles in Silver Fir Decline and Possible Use of Pheromone Traps for the Monitoring     pdf     HR     EN 5114
Liović, Boris UDK 630* 443 (001)
The Influence of Powdery Mildew (Microsphaera alphitoides Griff. et Maubl.) on Growth and Survival Rate of Oak Seedlings     pdf     HR     EN 5122
Pernek,M., M. Županić, D. Diminić,T. Cech UDK 630* 443 (001)
Phytophthora Species on Beech and Poplars in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5130
Pilaš,I., Š.Planinšek UDK 630* 116 + 114
The Reconstruction of the Water Regime in Lowland Forests in Support of Sustainable Management     pdf     HR     EN 5138
Potočić,N., I. Seletković UDK 630* 533 + 425
Defoliation of Forest Trees in Croatia in the period 2006 – 2009     pdf     HR     EN 5149
Roth,V., S. Dekanić,T. Dubravac UDK 630* 232.3 (Quercus robur L.)
Effect of Acorn Size on Morphological Development of One-year-old Seedlings of Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) in Differing Light Conditions     pdf     HR     EN 5159
Gradečki-Poštenjak, M., S. Novak Agbaba, R. Licht, D. Posarić UDK 630* 232.3
Dynamics ofAcorn Production and Quality of English OakAcorn (Quercus robur L.) in Disrupted Ecological Conditions     pdf     HR     EN 5169
Topić,V., L. Butorac, G. Jelić UDK 630* 539 (Arbutus unedo L.)
Wood and Foliage Mass in Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo L.) Maquis on theArea of Vrgorac     pdf     HR     EN 5182
Perić,S., M. Tijardović, A. Jazbec UDK 630* 232:233 + 120
Results of Research on Douglas Fir Provenances in Ecologicaly Different Continenetal Parts of Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5190
Novak Agbaba,S., N. Ćelepirović, M. Ćurković Perica UDK 630* 442
Protection of Sweet Chestnut Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5202
Indir,K., V. Novotny UDK 630* 55 : 565
Circular Sample Plot Size Impact on Structure Elements Estimation in Selected Pedunculate Oak Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5211
Vuletić, D., S. Krajter, O. Vlainić UDK 630* 907 + 907.2
Review of Local Residents and UsersAttitudes Towards Nonwood Forest Products and Services with Remarks on Obstacles and Possibilities for Improvement     pdf     HR     EN 5222
Vrbek, B., I. Pilaš UDK 630* 114.4 + 232.4
Researches of Soil Changes in the Pinus and Robinia Forest on Đurđevački SandsArea     pdf     HR     EN 5230
Seletković,I., N. Potočić, M. Šango UDK 630* 232.3 (Fagus sylvatica,Quercus robur)
Useability of Hungavit, a Preparation for FoliarApplication, for Enhancement of Quality of Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) Seedlings in Nursery Production     pdf     HR     EN 5239
Paladinić,E., D. Štimac, H. Marjanović, I. Balenović, M. Z. Ostrogović UDK 630* 49 : 562 (Abies alba Mill.)
ProductionAspect of Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) Dieback on Example of a few Beech-fir Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5248
Matošević,D., M. Pernek UDK 630* 453
Alien and Invasive Insects in Croatian Forest Ecosystems and Estimate of their Damage     pdf     HR     EN 5264
Benko,M., I. Balenović UDK 630* 587
Past, Present and Future of Application of Remote Sensing Methods in Croatian Forest Inventory     pdf     HR     EN 5272
Novotny,V., I. Balenović, N. Medenjak, D. Štorga, D. Pošta UDK 630* 569
Research on Structure of older and old Common Beech Stands in Management Unit “Đurđevačka Bilogora”     pdf     HR     EN 5282

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