broj: 13/2011        pdf (20,1 MB)


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Znanstveno-stručno i staleško glasilo
Hrvatskoga šumarskoga društva
Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia
      Prvi puta izašao 1877. godine i neprekidno izlazi do današnjeg dana
   ISSN No.: 0373-1332              UDC 630*
upute autorima

select * from clancislEN where brojid=201113 and arb=1 order by id

Boris Vrbek
Medak, Jasnica UDK 630* 188 (001)
Forests of Sweet Chestnut with Odorous Pig-Salad (Aposeri foetidae-Castanetum SativaeAss. nova) in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5005
Ivanković,M., M. Popović, I. Katičić, G. von Wuehlisch, S. Bogdan UDK 630* 165 (001)
Quantitative Genetic Variation of European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Provenances from the Southeastern Europe     pdf     HR     EN 5025
Summary: Since the genetic diversity of European beech (Fagus sylvaticaL.) in South-East Europe (particularly for adaptive traits) is not well studied, the purpose of this paper is to determine the amount, pattern and possible causes of its adaptive genetic variability, through analysis of selected quantitative traits in a provenance trial.
Research was conducted in a provenance trial in which thirteen provenances were analyzed (Table 1). The heights of all survived plants were measured successively after the first three growing seasons at the trial site, while flushing phenology and winter leaf retention were scored in the second and third year. The preliminary analysis showed that differences between provenances in the average values of height, survival and winter leaf retention were significantly influenced by age differences between provenances (due to different time of collecting seed and initial age of seedlings in the trial – Table 1), therefore the averages for the listed properties were corrected for “additive age effect”.
Analysis of variance was conducted in order to determine statistical significance of variance components caused by the effects of provenances. REG and CORR procedures were carried out to analyze the relationships between the investigated traits, as well as between the provenance mean values and climatic variables of their source stands (Table 2).
Provenance means of real and age corrected traits are shown in figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7. The results indicate high levels of genetic variability for all studied quantitative traits. Statistically significant differences were found between provenances (Table 3), but the real data for height, survival and winter leaf retention were impacted with their age differences. Statistically significant differentiation between provenances for height and survival were lost after the additive age effect correction.
Between provenance differences for the analyzed traits were tested by Tukey-Kramer’s test for a possible geographical pattern of genetic structure. Results indicated geographical structure for the height, survival and winter leaf retention in terms of gradual differences in the east-west direction (see Figures 3, 5 and 7). However, apparently clinal variability was primary influenced by age differences. Thus, existence of the variability cannot be confirmed. Moreover, geographical pattern disappeared after the age corrections for provenance mean heights and survival (see Figures 2 and 4).
Regression analysis of the provenance mean values and Ellenberg’s climate quotients of their source stands were shown (Figures 8, 9, 10). The aim of this analysis was to determine relationship between genetic variability and climatic variables. Weak and statistically insignificant correlations between height/survival and climate quotients were determined. The same results were obtained using real and age corrected data. These traits were under the strong influence of age differences that have accidentally been associated with the geographic position of provenances (western older than eastern). It was most probably the cause of the obtained geographic structure.
On the other hand, the age corrected values of winter leaf retention were significantly correlated with EQ’s. There was gradual (clinal) differentiation of populations in the west-east direction (the frequency of trees with dead leaves retention gradually decreased from west to east) and declining trend of trees with leaves retention associated with an increasing continentality (Figure 9). It should be mentioned that western provenances were older than eastern ones and the increase of EQ’s was moderately correlated with geographic position of provenances (EQ’s of eastern provenances were on average higher than western). For these reasons, differences between provenances in percentage of trees with winter leaf retention are more likely attributable to their age differences, rather than genetic differentiation.
Geographical structure of genetic differences between provenances was not shown for flushing phenology. Results indicate an ecotypic (random) pattern of interpopulation differences (Figure 6). There was a statistically significant correlation between provenance mean values and Ellenberg’s climate quotients (EQ’s). Provenances from wetter and cooler habitats (EQ=12-16) were later flushers. With the increase of continentality, provenances showed a trend of earlier flushing. The peak of this trend was observed at the EQ=26, after which the provenances showed a reverse trend, i.e. again flushing later (Figure 10).
Despite the fact that differentiation was not detected for traits which were influenced by age differences (height, survival and winter leaf retention), it is more likely that population differentiation in South-East Europe has ecotypic pattern that is shaped by macroclimatic adaptation. This assumption is based on similar studies by other authors (Matyas et al. 2009), but also on our own results for the flushing phenology.
It can be recommended that European beech seed zone delineation and use of its forest reproductive material should be done accordingly to ecological besides the geographic criteria.
Key words: provenance trial; growth; flushing; winter leaf retention; ecotypic variation; macroclimatic adaptedness
Littvay, Tibor UDK 630* 165 (001)
Phenotypic Stability andAdaptability of Families of Common Walnut (Juglans regia L.) in Progeny Tests     pdf     HR     EN 5038
Ivanković,M., M. Popović, S. Bogdan UDK 630* 232.3 (001)
Acorn Morphometric Traits and Seedling Heights Variation of Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) from the Seed Stands in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5046
Marjanović,H., M. Z. Ostrogović, G. Alberti, I. Balenović, E. Paladinić, K. Indir, A. Peressotti, D. Vuletić UDK 630* 120 + 114.2 (001)
Carbon Dynamics in younger Stands of Pedunculate Oak during two Vegetation Periods     pdf     HR     EN 5059
Dubravac,T., S. Dekanić,V. Roth UDK 630* 425 + 531 (001)
Damage Dynamics and Structure of the Pedunculate Oak Tree Crowns in Stands in Microelevations and Microdepressions – Results from the Monitoring on Permanent Experimental Plots     pdf     HR     EN 5074
Seletković,I., N. Potočić,V. Topić, L. Butorac, G. Jelić,A. Jazbec UDK 630* 232.3 Pinus nigra Arn. (001)
Influence of Various Container Types and Slow-release Fertilizer Doses on Growth and Physiological Parameters of Black Pine (Pinus nigra Arn.) Seedlings     pdf     HR     EN 5090
Krpan, A. P.B., Ž. Tomašić, P. Bašić Palković UDK 630* 537 + 562 (001)
Biopotential of Indigobusch (Amorpha fruticosa L.) – Second Year of Investigation     pdf     HR     EN 5103
Pernek,M., N. Lacković UDK 630* 453 (001)
The Role of Bark Beetles in Silver Fir Decline and Possible Use of Pheromone Traps for the Monitoring     pdf     HR     EN 5114
Liović, Boris UDK 630* 443 (001)
The Influence of Powdery Mildew (Microsphaera alphitoides Griff. et Maubl.) on Growth and Survival Rate of Oak Seedlings     pdf     HR     EN 5122
Pernek,M., M. Županić, D. Diminić,T. Cech UDK 630* 443 (001)
Phytophthora Species on Beech and Poplars in Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5130
Pilaš,I., Š.Planinšek UDK 630* 116 + 114
The Reconstruction of the Water Regime in Lowland Forests in Support of Sustainable Management     pdf     HR     EN 5138
Potočić,N., I. Seletković UDK 630* 533 + 425
Defoliation of Forest Trees in Croatia in the period 2006 – 2009     pdf     HR     EN 5149
Roth,V., S. Dekanić,T. Dubravac UDK 630* 232.3 (Quercus robur L.)
Effect of Acorn Size on Morphological Development of One-year-old Seedlings of Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) in Differing Light Conditions     pdf     HR     EN 5159
Gradečki-Poštenjak, M., S. Novak Agbaba, R. Licht, D. Posarić UDK 630* 232.3
Dynamics ofAcorn Production and Quality of English OakAcorn (Quercus robur L.) in Disrupted Ecological Conditions     pdf     HR     EN 5169
Topić,V., L. Butorac, G. Jelić UDK 630* 539 (Arbutus unedo L.)
Wood and Foliage Mass in Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo L.) Maquis on theArea of Vrgorac     pdf     HR     EN 5182
Perić,S., M. Tijardović, A. Jazbec UDK 630* 232:233 + 120
Results of Research on Douglas Fir Provenances in Ecologicaly Different Continenetal Parts of Croatia     pdf     HR     EN 5190
Novak Agbaba,S., N. Ćelepirović, M. Ćurković Perica UDK 630* 442
Protection of Sweet Chestnut Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5202
Indir,K., V. Novotny UDK 630* 55 : 565
Circular Sample Plot Size Impact on Structure Elements Estimation in Selected Pedunculate Oak Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5211
Vuletić, D., S. Krajter, O. Vlainić UDK 630* 907 + 907.2
Review of Local Residents and UsersAttitudes Towards Nonwood Forest Products and Services with Remarks on Obstacles and Possibilities for Improvement     pdf     HR     EN 5222
Vrbek, B., I. Pilaš UDK 630* 114.4 + 232.4
Researches of Soil Changes in the Pinus and Robinia Forest on Đurđevački SandsArea     pdf     HR     EN 5230
Seletković,I., N. Potočić, M. Šango UDK 630* 232.3 (Fagus sylvatica,Quercus robur)
Useability of Hungavit, a Preparation for FoliarApplication, for Enhancement of Quality of Common Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur L.) Seedlings in Nursery Production     pdf     HR     EN 5239
Paladinić,E., D. Štimac, H. Marjanović, I. Balenović, M. Z. Ostrogović UDK 630* 49 : 562 (Abies alba Mill.)
ProductionAspect of Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) Dieback on Example of a few Beech-fir Stands     pdf     HR     EN 5248
Matošević,D., M. Pernek UDK 630* 453
Alien and Invasive Insects in Croatian Forest Ecosystems and Estimate of their Damage     pdf     HR     EN 5264
Benko,M., I. Balenović UDK 630* 587
Past, Present and Future of Application of Remote Sensing Methods in Croatian Forest Inventory     pdf     HR     EN 5272
Novotny,V., I. Balenović, N. Medenjak, D. Štorga, D. Pošta UDK 630* 569
Research on Structure of older and old Common Beech Stands in Management Unit “Đurđevačka Bilogora”     pdf     HR     EN 5282

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