|ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS|
|Idžojtić, M., M. Glavaš, M. Zebec, R. Pernar, M. Dasović, N. Pavlus||UDK 630* 442 (001)|
|Infestation of Silver Fir (Abies alba Mill.) with Mistletoe (Viscum album L. ssp. abietis /Wiesb./ Abrom.) in Croatia PDF||559|
|Trinajstić, I., Z. Cerovečki||UDK 630* 188 (001)|
|Contribution to the Syntaxonomic Analysis of the Ass. Ostryo-Fagetum (M. Wraber) ex Trinajstić 1972 pdf HR EN||575|
|Šajković, A.||UDK 630* 907|
|Attitudes of Forestry Students Towards Nature and Resources pdf HR EN||583|
|Summary: The research conducted in 2003 was a replica, with some changes and added assertions, of a research from 1996. 214 people from the Forestry department were surveyed representing more than 40 % of the entire Forestry department student population. The survey consisted of several sections providing different statements on the attitudes to: information sources regarding the environment, nature, resources and development and forests. Uni variable and bi variable were used for the data analysis, thus the results were expressed in percentages and t- tests for comparison of the researches 2003-1996.|
Findings of the research suggests that the great majority (94,0 %) of the Forestry students is oriented towards the naturalism as a possible ethic-ecological orientation in which the nature dominates the man, in other words they do not accept ´man´s´ rightful supremacy over nature. Most of them, 92,0 %, also agrees that the level of the overall pollution is not irrelevant considering all the advantages of the technical civilization. In addition, a great majority of the respondents is very much against the exploitation of the natural resource in the name of the scientific progress. However, 72 % of the surveyed students thinks that the human kind should pursue further development regardless of the consequences, while 83,4 % thinks that the development should be correlated with natural resources (sustainability). Generally speaking, respondents tend to show high level of sensibility towards all types of resources, especially potable water. 88,8 % of all respondents believes that sources of potable water are pretty much restricted, meaning the majority perceives water as a most important resource for the present and future times.
Further on, respondents in 2003 are more sensitive to the processes of man´s utilization of natural sources as oppose to the respondents in 1996, but at the same time, they are also much more open to the idea of preventing many disasters from happening by using new technologies. However, as oppose to the survey from 1996, a larger group of students does not have a formed opinion regarding that problem, which may be the result of the fast development of technologies which enables students to keep up with the current technological accomplishments and therefore form a valid opinion regarding the disaster prevention.
Next, students in 2003 understand better that the pollution level is not negligible considering the advantages of the modern technology, but at the same time results of the survey reveal that they are also more likely to support the maximum exploitation of the natural resources. An interesting fact is that the number of the indecisive students regarding that issue is much higer in 2003. Also, respondents in 2003. assume that the pollution won´t progress due the use of new technologies as oppose to the respondents´ prediction from the 1996. They also think that non developed countries should develop at a higher rate while the developed countries should lessen the rate of their development, which differs from the opinion from 1996. In other words, respondents in 2003 are more in favor of the idea of speeding up the development processes of non developed countries, which at the same time implies greater utilization of the natural resources or at least the tendency towards the exponential growth in order to reach the satisfying level of the developed countries.
As for the attitudes of the Forestry students towards the forests, in the survey from the 2003. the majority agrees that our forests should continue to be a part of the untouched nature. The majority also predicts deviations in animal and floral balance as a direct result of the arrival of a greater number of people and tourism development. All in all, students classify forests as an ecological category, meaning that in the economical sense, its usage for both recreational and other public services, should be charged for. In addition, they think that only the state, closely cooperating with forestry experts, can ensure the further existence of the forests. That sort of opinion can be interpreted as existentialism.
Moreover higher sensitivity of the respondents towards the forests as an ecological category was visible from the results of the survey from 2003. which reveal that more than 50 % do not perceive statements regarding the forests disappearance as too exaggerated, they are worried about the future of the forests species and are against building more highways and tourists objects in the forests. Therefore we could say that forest do not represent solely a source of the economical benefit for the respondents but also an ecological value that needs to be protected.
Next, the majority of respondents does not put too much trust in the legislative, in their opinion the law does not sufficiently protects the forests from the processes of the wood exploitation.
Statistical significance of t-tests from the 1996 and 2003 is visible through eight variables. According to t- test, students in 2003 recognize the need for construction of tourist objects in forests in much larger numeber than they did in 1996 and are more satisfied with the legislative system which regulates wood exploitation. They are also more likely to perceive wood as a source of energy, mostly because it is renewable. Next, the majority of the students of the forestry department in 2003 agrees that forest do not need to be protected. Most of them aren´t particularly interested in ending the processes of exploitation due to their beleif that man should take advantages of forests: wood and financial benefit. Probably they have acquired certain knowledge regarding our forests that made them beleive that there is enough wood for exploitation in our forests due to the sustainable management. Then, respondents in 2003, as oppose to the ones from 1996, are more likely to support the idea of state taking care of the forests. The reason for that could be existential view of the situation, in other words most of the graduates from the Forestry University will work for the state companies which are in charge for forest management. Supporting that is the fact that respondents in 2003 agreed in higher number that specialized experts and people with deegre in forest management are the ones who should be taking care of the forests.
In conclusion, the primary source of environment related information for students is the University. The secondary is television and radio and the third are friends and neighbors. Others, not as significant are scientific literature (18,2 %), Internet (15,5 %) and daily news (3,5 %). Thus, can be said that students are predominantly oriented to audiovisual information sources, just like the others these days.
Key words: environment; forestry occupation; forests; level of knowledge.; resources
|Vuletić, D., R. Sabadi||UDK 630* 311 + 714|
|Is Our Forestry and Forest Industries Recovering from the Consequences of the Patriotic War? pdf HR EN||597|
|Barčić, D., Ž. Španjol, V. Vujanić, R. Rosavec||UDK 630* 469|
|The Protection of Water and Sea in the Republic of Croatia pdf HR EN||611|
|Božičević, I.||UDK 630* 902|
|Karlovac - the forestry centre of the Croatian Military Border pdf HR EN||623|