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I. Mihoci & M. Franjević: RAREAND THREATENED GEOMETRID MOTH Erannis ankeraria IN CROATIA: ... Šumarski list br. 7–8, CXXXV (2011), 353-360


1. An Angoran Umber is strictly protected taxa in
Croatia, endangered and rare, of EU importance,
and therefore listed in theAnnexes (II & IV) of the
EU Habitats Directive.
2. It belongs in the group of so called “winter moths”,
preferring xerothermophilous Mediterranean oak
forest habitats and depending on leaf feeding on Pubescent
Oak and Sessile Oaklarval host plants.
3. Current distribution of the species is based on reviewing
published papers, re-examination of material
from museums and University collections and
recent field data.Without current records, distribution
is based on two “historical” records– sites in
Istria and middle Dalmatia.

4. As potential habitats of this threatened species are
Pubescent Oak and Sessile Oakforests and forest
edges and degradation patches, foresters should be
the first involved in field data collecting and long-
term monitoring.
5. Future activities should focus on encouraging systematic
research (involving pheromone traps in
field methodology) of distribution and population
parameters of this species in Croatia. Efforts in improving
scarce knowledge and raising awareness
for detecting geometrid moth diversity in Croatia,
their ecological requirements and conservation in
general are also necessary.


The research was supported by the grant of
NATURA 2000 project in Croatia and by Croatian
Ministry of Science, Education and Sports as a part of
the Project No. 183-1193080-0831 grant to Dr. Sc.
NikolaTvrtković (Croatian Natural History Museum,

Baričević,D., I. Šapić, 2011: Prilog poznavanju
sastava i raščlanjenosti šuma hrasta crnike u Istri
(AContribution to the Knowledge of Composition
and Classification of Holm Oak Forests in
Istria). Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
32(1): 87–98.
Barčić,D., Ž.Španjol, R.Rosavec, 2011:Utjecaj
na stanište i razvoj šumskih kultura crnoga
bora (Pinus nigraJ. F.Arnold) na krškom submediteranskom
području (Impact on Site and
Development of Black Pine (Pinus nigra J.F.
Arnold) Forest Cultures in the Submediterannean
KarstArea). Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
32(1): 131–140.
Beshkov, S.& B.Zlatkov, 2011:Desertobia ankeraria(
Staudinger, 1861) (Lep., Geometridae):
A new genus and species for the Bulgarian
fauna. Entomologist’s Rec. J. Var.123: 163–169.
Čelik,T., R. Verovnik,F.Rebeušek, S.Gomboc,
M.Lasan,2004: Strokovna izhodišča za
vzpostavljanje omrežja NATURA2000, Butterflies
& Moths (Lepidoptera), Final Report, SAZU

–Jovan Hadži Biological Institut, 298 pp., Ljubljana.

Commission, 1992: Council Directive
92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the Conservation
of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora
(OJ L206, 22.7.1992, p. 7), last amended
23.09.2003 (L236, pp. 33), Strasbourg.

Zagreb).We are grateful to Prof. Dr. Mladen Kučinić
(Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb), Prof. Dr.
Boris Hrašovec (Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb)
and anonymous reviewers on their useful suggestions
in preparing the manuscript.

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