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ŠUMARSKI LIST 3-4/2005 str. 25     <-- 25 -->        PDF

L. Štilinović: ONEČIŠĆENOST VODA SAVE I DRAVE – UZROCI I ZDRAVSTVENE POSLJEDICE Šumarski list br. 3–4, CXXIX (2005), 151-155
SUMMARY: The term “Environmental health” as used by World Health
Organisation includes both direct pathological effects of chemicals, radiation
and some biological agents and indirect effects on health and well-being of
broad physical, psychological, social and aesthetic environment, which
includes water supply and sanitation. Health is not only absence of diseases –
presence of well-being and quality of life are equally important. The linkage
between drinking water should be dealt with analysing health and drinking
quality statistics.

The most direct environmental health related problems in Danube river
basin are the following: a) diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in drinking
water which occur more frequently in most Danubian states than in other
West European countries, b) methaemoglobinemia which occur primarily in
rural areas in many Danubian states, c) coverage with public water supply
which is low in rural areas of many Danubian states; reliance on shallow
ground water represents a serious health risk in these areas.

In Croatia the Sava river area encompasses 25100 km2, whereas Drava
river, including immediate Danube catchment area, encompasses 9660 km2.
The discharge from public sewer system in Drava river amounts 53.6 x millions
m3 per annum and that in Sava river 146.4 x millions m3 per annum. In
the Strategic Action Plan for the Danube River Basin Croatia have declared
22 “hot spots”, mostly due to municipal and technological waste and waste
from petrochemical and fertiliser plants. Different aspects of pollution drinking
water, ground water, soil and sediments in the Sava and Drava rivers have
been investigated by numerous croatian scientists. According to their results
organic matter creat major pollution problem, but heavy metals, pesticides
and organochlorine pollutants should not be underestimated. Potential to
contaminate drinking water resource, threatening to results in long term
adverse effects on human health, has increased dramatically as a consequence
of the war.

K e y w o rd s : water pollution, health