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ŠUMARSKI LIST 5-6/1999 str. 32     <-- 32 -->        PDF

SUMMARY: The first part of this paper shows the state of forestry work in

Croatia focusing on the level of safety and health of forestry workers. The se

cond part shows the results achieved in this area in the countries with high le

vel standards of work protection. It also sets out the idea of including safety in

the management system and achieving safety culture. The third part of this paper
explains the basic guidelines of the Croatian safety programme at forestry
According to standard indicators of safety and workers´ protection, the

forestry of the Republic of Croatia is unfortunately very highly ranked in view
of the number of work injuries, volume of professional diseases, number of
work invalids and low level of national standards and codes regulating protection
of forestry workers.

The gap, known to have existed even before in comparison with forestry
employees of developed countries, is only becoming deeper. While great efforts
are being made to develop personal protection of workers and up-grade
the ergonomic work factors in developed countries, In Croatia such activities
have almost died away.

Comprehensive Vondra s questionnaire of J 998, conducted among cutters,
tractor drivers and chokerers showed many deficiencies in taking care of workers
´safety and health. They include the problem of work invalidity, appropriate
supply of workers with personal protection kit, adequate training, etc.

The assessment of the programme and of efficiency of safety training
showed that its implementation in "Hrvatske šume " has been incomplete and
of low professional level.

More than half of all work injuries in 1997 were caused by irregular work
operations and non observance of work safety rules. Additional objections to
unsatisfying safety precautions are insufficient supply of personal protection
kits as well as poor surveillance and lack of measures against employees who
do not use them regularly.

The assessment of the competence of third party contractors in performing
forestry work showed that forest work is carried out without obligatory licensing
by contractors whose employees as a rule have poor if any professional
knowledge and skill required for performing safe forestry work.

Croatian forestry is suggested to acquire the national programme for the
development of safety and protection at work. Legislative, personnel and organisational
bases for its development and implementation have already been
provided. The basic segments of the programme refer to: (I) complete implementation
of the Act for Work Protection of 1997, (2) improvement of work
techniques of forest workers, (3) licensing of contractors, (4) collecting data
and reporting, (5) research and international co-operation, (6) preparation of
regulations and standards.

Key w o rds: forestry work, safety, health, accidents at work

Šumarski list br. 5 6, CXX1II (l<-)9<-)), 201-210