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ŠUMARSKI LIST 3-4/1987 str. 26     <-- 26 -->        PDF

we had an average arte of stock exploitation of about 70 per cent, which is satisfactory.
With the veneerlogs the rate of exploitation in saw-mills (although they
were not intended for it) was 80 per cent and with saw-logs Class I— 76 per cent,
Class I — 62 per and Class III — 59 per cent.

The sawn timber obtained from all these logs was of high quality, and consequently
of high value, and reflected the quality of the logs it was made from.

We fond that in processing fir veneer-logs saw-mills had a 26. 8-per-cent loss
per unit of sawn timber. This shows that such logs should not be processed in
saw-mills, but rather in venner plants, for which the are anyhow intended. This is
all the more so since the price of raw material in forest is so high that it cannot
be covered by timber sawn in saw-mills.

As regards fir saw-logs Class I, II and III, we found that they are highly
profitable in saw-mills-exceeding by as much as 6,5 per cent the real cost price,
which is for the saw-milling industry exceptionally favourable.

Since saw-milling and forestry are a bordering sector, there are frequent conf
troversies between respective experts regarding the funneing off of part of accumulation
from one branch into the other, and conversely.

According to the Yugoslav nomenclature, the woodworking industry falls into
the category »industry and mining«. The average rate of accumulation of the
woodworking industry by far execeeds the avegare figure the grouping as a
whole to which it belongs.

Consequently, in our investigations we found that a large part of accumulation
generated in the processing of fir saw-logs was funnelled off from forestry into the
woodworking industry. It would be, therefore, necessary by mutual agreement
to increase the price of raw materials, i. e. of fir saw-longs Class I, II and III.