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ŠUMARSKI LIST 7-8/1986 str. 106     <-- 106 -->        PDF

Mg Vice Ivančević and Oskar Piškorić, grad. eng.

Restoration of Forests on Croatian Karst from the last Century to date

Forestry on the islands and coastal part of Croatia shared the same fate as
forests in other countries of the Mediterranean. Irrational use of the caused
devastation. In the second half of the XIX century, work began on restoring
forests in that part of Croatia. In areas where some care had been given to the
trees left over, better conditions were made — a priority being to ban the feeding
of livestock — and forests started to be replenished.

However, in areas which had been completely cleared, replanting was necessary.
The black and alepo pine (Pinus nigra Arn and Pinus hallepensis Mil.)
were used exclusively for this replanting as they proved to be the best pioneer
sort of tree.

The two World Wars had a bad effect on the forest revival on krast and
afterwards restoration work had to start again. After the Second World War,
parts of forest vegetation restored itself. This was a result of a decrease in the
number of livestock, particularly goats — possession of which was prohibited
by a special law of 1950. Nowadays, the finance of rejuvenation and protection
of forest om krast, together with forestry laws and other economic considerations
(tourism, water economy, traffic and others) bear in mind the protection role
of the forest. After the second World War active and intensive scientific investigations
took place.

Alojzije Frković, grad. eng.

Wildlife Management

The natural conditions in Croatia provide and ensure favourable circumstances
for breeding and maintaining a great number of various game species in
the total area of approximately 5,200,000 hectares.

The Law otn Wildlife from 1976 stipulates that altogether 43 species of mammals
and birds are to be treated as hunting game, out of which only two species

— capercaillie in the south Velebit mountain and the European wild cat in
Gorski kotar — are under permanent protection. Species protected by the close
seasotn hunting are freely hunted only within the legal periods, while unprotected
animal species — 9 mammals and 4 birds — are freely hunted during the whole
year, but only up to the tolerated number.
The most widely spread, most numerous and most hunted big trophy game
is the roe. In 1983, their number was estimated at 55,500 heads with an annual
catch of 9,146 heads. In the same year there were 12,000 red deer, 10,000 boars,
1,500 chamois, 400 brown bears, 1,400 fallow deer and 700 mouflons. The red
deer is most abundant in the Slavonia—Baranja region, with approximately 7,200
heads, comprising 65™/o of the total stock deer in Croatia. The Biokovo mountain
region (20,000 ha) is most rich with chamois, which inhabited the region for the
first time in 1964. Today, their number is estimated at Over a thousand heads